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Congenital Abnormalities

Interactive App

Thorax

Coarctation of the aorta

An obstruction in the descending aorta, almost invariably at the insertion of the ductus arteriosus.


Congenital Heart Disease

Today heart disease is described on the basis of echocardiographic report. Transcribe this report...


Diaphragmatic hernia

A congenital malformation characterized by herniation into the thorax of abdominal contents throu...


Ectopia Cordis

Heart exteriorized outside the chest. It can be isolated or the extension of an extensive supraum...


Esophageal atresia/stenosis

A congenital malformation characterized by absence of continuity or narrowing of the esophagus, w...


Hypoplastic left heart syndrome

A cardiac defect with a hypoplastic left ventricle, associated with aortic and/or mitral valve at...


Patent ductus arteriosus

Patent ductus arteriosus in newborns weighting less than 2,500 g or born at altitudes above 2,000...


Patent Foramen Ovale

The foramen ovale is a small hole in the atrial septum that is used during fetal circulation to s...


Pectus excavatum

Depressed sternum.


Tetralogy of Fallot

A condition characterized by ventricular septal defect, overriding aorta, infundibular pulmonary ...


Transposition of great vessels

A cardiac defect where the aorta exits from the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery from the...